Diesel Hazards

Diesel Hazards

Diesel fuel powers lots of equipment and vehicles, but exposure can be hazardous to your health. Direct contact with
diesel fuel can irritate skin and aggravate existing skin problems. Exposure to exhaust from diesel fuel can irritate the
respiratory tract and cause chronic health problems.

Take these precautions to minimize exposure:

  • Maintain and tune-up diesel equipment. Check the exhaust system for leaks.
  • Fix cracks in vehicles with weather stripping and repair holes in the floor to prevent exhaust from seeping into the vehicle.
  • Control exposure to diesel exhaust in enclosed areas by using both local exhaust ventilation and general ventilation systems.
  • Monitor the air when required.
  • Minimize diesel engines operations in garages where there is no exhaust system.
  • Avoid direct contact with diesel fuel. Wear protective gloves to reduce exposure.
  • If you get diesel fuel on your skin or clothing, thoroughly wash the affected skin and remove and isolate contaminated
    clothing (in a sealed bag). If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, see a physician.
  • If you are overexposed to diesel vapor, leave the contaminated area immediately and take deep breaths of fresh air. If you
    experience symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath or burning in the mouth, throat or chest, immediately
    contact your immediate supervisor for further instructions and if medical intervention is appropriate.

Winter Driving Conditions

Winter Driving Conditions

Safe Winter Driving Winter driving can be hazardous and scary, especially in northern regions that get a lot of snow and
ice. Additional preparations can help make a trip safer, or help motorists deal with an emergency. This sheet provides
safety information to help prevent motor vehicle injuries due to winter storms.

The three P’s of Safe Winter Driving:
PREPARE for the trip; PROTECT yourself; and PREVENT crashes on the road.

PREPARE
Maintain Your Car: Check battery, tire tread, and windshield wipers, keep your windows clear, put no-freeze fluid in the
washer reservoir, and check your antifreeze. Make sure to have a good spare tire and tire changing equipment.
Have On Hand: flashlight, jumper cables, abrasive material (sand, kitty litter, even floor mats), shovel, snow brush and
ice scraper, warning devices (like flares), chains (type and how to install), tow strap, reflective vest, and blankets. For
long trips, add food and water, medication and cell phone (don’t forget your charger).
Stopped or Stalled? Stay in your car, don’t overexert, put bright markers on antenna or windows and shine dome light,
and, if you run your car, clear exhaust pipe and run it just enough to stay warm.
Plan Your Route: Allow plenty of time (check the weather and leave early if necessary), be familiar with the maps/
directions, and let others know your route and arrival time.
Practice Cold Weather Driving!
* During the daylight, rehearse maneuvers slowly on ice or snow in an empty lot.
* Steer into a skid.
* Know what your brakes will do: stomp on antilock brakes, pump on non-antilock brakes.
* Stopping distances are longer on water-covered ice and ice. Black ice can be in temperature up to 40 degrees.
* Don’t idle for a long time with the windows up or in an enclosed space.

PROTECT YOURSELF
* Buckle up and use child safety seats properly.
* Never place a rear-facing infant seat in front of an air bag.
* Children 12 and under are much safer in the back seat.

PREVENT CRASHES
* Drugs and alcohol never mix with driving.
* Slow down and increase distances between cars, don’t speed, follow at a distance.
* Keep your eyes open for pedestrians walking in the road.
* Avoid fatigue – Get plenty of rest before the trip, stop at least every three hours, and rotate drivers if possible.
* If you are planning to drink, designate a sober driver.

Accidents are Avoidable

Accidents are Avoidable

Each time someone is injured, we need to ask ourselves “how did it happen?” Accidents don’t just happen,
they are caused. Accidents are usually a result of someone not paying attention or not knowing how to
recognize a job safety hazard. Jobs with effective safety attitudes have about a fifth as many injuries compared
to those without the safety attitude. The following list of general rules and hazard avoidance rules can help in
minimizing accidents on the job.
General Rules :

  • Learn the safe way to do your job.
  •  Don’t jump from one elevation to another.
  • Don’t work under suspended loads.
  •  Remove protruding nails or bend them over.
  •  Keep the work area clear of debris.
  •  Use the personal protective equipment required for the job.
  •  Treat all electrical wires as being “live.”
  •  Use the right tool for the right job.
  • Be sure all tools are in good shape.

Four Hazard Avoidance Rules

1) Know the safe way to work, and then follow the safe way all the time.
2) Maintain safe working conditions – for yourself and others around you.
3) Work safely, setting the example, and encourage others to do so.
4) Report all accidents and near misses.

Remember: Follow basic common sense in doing your work. Ask yourself “how can I make my work safer?”
Identifying safety hazards and planning your work can prevent serious accidents!

“Prepare and prevent, don’t repair and repent.”

Electric Poles

Never Underestimate the Power of Electricity

Never Underestimate the Power of Electricity

Safety-conscious contractors understand the dangers associated with performing work near power lines and take the necessary precautions. Never underestimate the power of electricity. Before doing any work on a job site, be sure to conduct a thorough survey that identifies any power lines, utility poles, guy wires, service drops and other power-related equipment. For safety’s sake, every power line should be treated as though it’s energized. Electric shock can cause injury or even death.

Overhead Hazards:

If you are working on a hoisting/rigging, excavating, grading, or construction project within an electric line right-of-way, keep in mind the risks associated with overhead high-voltage power lines.

The following tips can help keep you safe while working within a right-of-way:

> Be aware of overhead power lines and equipment, and maintain safe working distances from energized parts.

> Use extreme care with ladders and scaffolding.

> Establish a clearance boundary around power lines before work begins.

> Pay attention to line clearance distances. The height above ground can vary, based on power load.

> Use a spotter when operating heavy equipment.

> Comply with all OSHA requirements and applicable state and federal safety regulations, including OSHA’s crane standard.

OSHA Minimum Safe Working Distances from Exposed Energized Parts

(including overhead lines) for Non-Qualified Personnel

Nominal Voltage Phase-to-Phase (V):

0 to 50,000 Minimum Working Distance Feet 10

Over 50,000 to 200,000 Minimum Working Distance Feet 15

Over 200,000 to 345,000 Minimum Working Distance Feet 20

As voltage increases, the need for greater clearance from the power source also increases. Crane distances could be greater.

Man working with Wealder

Welding Safety

Welding Safety

It’s no surprise welding can cause damage to your eyes if you do not use the proper Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). But what about the rest of your body? Your hearing, skin, neck, back, head and your respiratory system are all at risk when performing welding operations. Here’s how:

Skin: When you are welding, unprotected skin is exposed to hot metal, sparks and UV radiation (arc welding). Hearing: Welding can generate noise at levels which cause hearing loss.

Respiratory: If you perform welding operations in a poorly ventilated area, you are at risk of inhaling fumes, gas and dust present in the air as a result of welding. These elements enter your lungs and can cause flu-like symptoms known as metal fume fever. While metal-fume fever may clear up in a day or two, it is possible for it to cause much more damage to your respiratory system. Head: Sparks can burn your hair, causing painful damage to your scalp and skin.

Neck and Back: Standing for long periods of time bent over your work can cause stress to your back. The traditional “nodding of the helmet” — flicking your face shield down with your head and neck just before the arc is struck — can cause neck strain. These, along with the many hazards to your eyes — burns caused by sparks, heat, molten metal and ultraviolet rays and cuts caused by flying spatter, and flash burns, commonly known as welder’s flash or arc eye — point to the importance of wearing the right PPE when welding. Talk with your supervisor about what PPE you need to protect you from the job you are doing.

Some of the most common PPE used when welding include: leather gauntlet type gloves, leather jackets, long-sleeved shirts, high top boots, welder’s helmet, welder’s cap, special filtered eyewear, face protection and hearing protection. Clothing should be made from leather, cotton or wool, and treated with flame-retardant coatings. Keep clothing dry and free of oil, grease or solvents. Pants with cuffs can collect sparks, so avoid them.

Respirators may be needed for some welding jobs. You must be properly trained in the use of the respirator and be aware when you need one. Your supervisor will be able to tell you the requirements needed when using a respirator. Welding jobs are necessary, but there are many hazards involved with the task. Protect yourself from these hazards, even when performing welding tasks off-the-job. The few minutes it takes to put on the PPE can prevent injuries that will last a lifetime.

OSHA Violation at J.U.M.P. in Boise

An Idaho construction company facing $20,000 in fines from OSHA over a fire at J.R. Simplot Co.’s new Boise headquarters will not contest the charges, according to the company’s owner. Jack McNamara, owner of Donahue McNamara Steel, said the company doesn’t dispute the veracity of safety violations contributing to the July incident, in which a fire broke out on a hydraulic lift as two workers were welding. “It is true, although we were doing everything we could to comply with OSHA rules,” McNamara said. “But things went wrong, and we’ve certainly implemented additional safeguards. According to an OSHA inspection, the Sun Valley-based company faces a total $20,484 in proposed fines for three violations, each deemed “serious.” One violation alleges that the company welded, cut or heated objects without moving either the objects themselves or any nearby fire hazards to a safe area. Reports said a safety blanket caught fire as two welders worked on the sixth floor of the building along Front Street. A second violation alleges that suitable fire extinguishing equipment was not immediately available in the work area. The third violation claims that workers were not properly protected by respirators. At the time of the incident, the Boise Fire Department said the two workers escaped injury by climbing out of the lift cage and onto a floor of the building as other employees used a fire extinguisher to battle the flames.

Using Portable Generators Safely

Using Portable Generators Safely

Chance of Shock and Electrocution: The electricity created by generators has the same hazards as normal utility- supplied electricity. It also has some additional hazards because generator users often bypass the safety devices (such as circuit breakers) that are built into electrical systems. The following precautions are provided to reduce shock and electrocution hazards:

 Never attach a generator directly to the electrical system of a structure (home, office, trailer, etc.) unless a qualified electrician has properly installed the generator with a transfer switch. Attaching a generator directly to a building electrical system without a properly installed transfer switch can energize wiring systems for great distances. This creates a risk of electrocution for utility workers and others in the area.

 Always plug electrical appliances directly into the generator using the manufacturer’s supplied cords or extension cords that are grounded (3-pronged). Inspect the cords to make sure they are fully intact and not damaged, cut or abraded. Never use frayed or damaged extension cords. Ensure the cords are appropriately rated in watts or amps for the intended use. Do not use underrated cords—replace them with appropriately rated cords that use heavier gauge wires. Do not overload a generator; this can lead to overheating which can create a fire hazard.

 Use ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs), especially where electrical equipment is used in or around wet or damp locations. GFCIs shut off power when an electrical current is detected outside normal paths. GFCIs and extension cords with built-in GFCI protection can be purchased at hardware stores, do-it-yourself centers, and other locations that sell electrical equipment. Regardless of GFCI use, electrical equipment used in wet and damp locations must be listed and approved for those conditions.

 Make sure a generator is properly grounded and the grounding connections are tight. Consult the manufacturer’s instructions for proper grounding methods.

 Keep a generator dry; do not use it in the rain or wet conditions. If needed, protect a generator with a canopy. Never manipulate a generator’s electrical components if you are wet or standing in water.

 Do not use electrical equipment that has been submerged in water. Equipment must be thoroughly dried out and properly evaluated before using. Power off and do not use any electrical equipment that has strange odors or begins smoking.

Box Cutter/Knife Safety

Box Cutter/Knife Safety

Keeping yourself and others around you safe from injury is a top priority when using box cutters in the workplace. Here are some safety tips to follow that will help ensure that box cutters are being used in a safe, efficient manner:

 Always cut in a direction away from your body.

 Many box cutters carry replacement blades inside the handle so it is important to be careful when opening the handle so as not let the extra blades fall out.

 If you drop a cutting tool, stand back and let it fall. Never try to catch it!

 Stay sharp! Sharp blades will cut cleanly through a box. Dull blades will tug and pull, which is more likely to cause hand slipping and cuts to your fingers.

 Cut away from your body with even pressure.

 Stay focused and keep your eyes on your work while using a box cutter. If you are interrupted while using a box cutter, put it down in a flat, safe place.

 Place your box cutter in their holder when not in use.

 Always pass a box cutter handle first and with the blade retracted. Like all tools, never throw a box cutter to a coworker.

 When cutting cardboard, extend the blade only to the thickness needed to cut the cardboard. This not only prevents damage to items inside the box, but also improves cutting leverage.

 Wear cut resistant gloves. Cut resistant gloves will not prevent all cuts from occurring, but will minimize the potential for injury when used properly.

The Right Tool for The Job

The most common cause of accidents in the workplace when dealing with box cutters occurs when employees use standard knives and then become distracted. In this situation, the employee usually loses focus and will then cut themselves either on the leg or forearm with the open blade. In today’s work environment, there are many choices when it comes to selecting safety cutters, each with its own safety benefits. Safety cutters available today feature fixed guards, covered blades, in-handle blade storage and even depth guides depending on the thickness of the box you are cutting. Features like these not only help protect the user from the risk of injury but mitigate the potential for damage to the merchandise inside the boxes as well. The impact of using safety cutters to the company bottom line is undeniable…not only lowering the risk of injury and lost workdays for employees but saving the company potentially millions of dollars due to damaged merchandise from improper cutting.

12 Safety Measures for Secure Loading Operations

12 Safety Measures for Secure Loading Operations

Transporting loads is a very dangerous operation. It might seem like a simple task of getting stuff from one place and bringing it to another. But loading, unloading and transporting cargo can cause serious injury and even fatality. Workers loading and unloading cargo are exposed to serious danger in that heavy objects may hit or fall on them if they don’t follow the right procedures in securing loads.

Drivers may meet accidents if they don’t drive safely while carrying heavy loads. The same thing can happen if the weight of the cargo is not distributed well, thus compromising the driver’s control of the vehicle.

What makes transporting loads more dangerous is the possibility of risking lives of other drivers on the road. This can happen when loads are not securely fastened to the vehicle and they end up rolling onto the road and hitting other vehicles or obstructing their path.

Now that you know how hazardous transporting loads can be, here are guidelines you should follow for securing loads properly:

1. Loading areas should always have good lighting. They should also be away from both vehicles and pedestrians.

2. Loading areas should be firm, flat and free from potholes and other obstructions that may cause slips or trips.

3. Inspect the vehicle and make sure that horns, reflectors, lights and other safety features are in good condition.

4. Provide guards for dangerous parts of the vehicle such as chain drives, power take-off and exposed exhaust pipes.

5. Before loading transport, ensure that the vehicle is braked and stabilized.

6. Clean off first any junk or loose materials (crates, cables, wires, chains, and bins) in the vehicle before loading tools or equipment.

7. A rule of thumb when securing cargo in the vehicle: one tie-down must be used for every ten feet of cargo. Make sure, though, to use at least two tie-downs for any cargo regardless of its length.

8. Use a red flag to mark loads that extend more than three feet beyond the body of the vehicle. When transporting cargo at night, use a red light instead.

9. Use at least 4 binders for loads like pipes and logs that are 27 feet long. Ensure that the spacing between binders is equal.

10. Never load unsecured items on the backseat or rear window deck of the vehicle. This can cause the load to hit passengers or the driver when the vehicle comes to a sudden stop.

11. As much as possible, use a compartment or tool box to keep small items secure in a vehicle. If this is not feasible, use a tarp to cover the small items, making sure that it is securely tied down with ropes or straps.

12. When on the road, stop frequently to check your cargo. This is all the more necessary when traveling long distances.

Unloading cargo can be as dangerous as loading and securing it. That’s why employees must remain cautious when carrying and unloading tools, equipment and other materials from vehicles. This should not be a problem when they’re properly trained in this procedure.

Stay clear of moving vehicles and trailers. Remember, if you can’t see the driver, the driver can’t see you. Keep eye contact for your safety and those around you.

Fire Extinguishers Placement

Fire Extinguishers Placement:

 Provide portable fire extinguishers and mount, locate, and identify them so that they are readily accessible to employees without subjecting the employees to possible injury.

 Do not use portable fire extinguishers that use carbon tetrachloride or chlorobromomethane extinguishing agents.

 Assure that portable fire extinguishers are maintained, fully charged, operating properly, and kept in designated places at all times except during use.

 Remove from service all soldered or riveted shell self-generating soda acid or self-generating foam or gas cartridge water type portable fire extinguishers that are operated by inverting the extinguisher to rupture the cartridge or to initiate an uncontrollable pressure generating chemical reaction to expel the agent.

Maintenance:

 Inspect, maintain, and test all portable fire extinguishers in the workplace.

 Visually inspect portable extinguishers or hoses monthly.

 Perform an annual maintenance check on portable fire extinguishers. Stored pressure extinguishers do not require an internal examination. Record the annual maintenance date and retain this record for one year after the last entry or the life of the shell, whichever is less. Make the record available to the Assistant Secretary upon request.

 Empty and maintain dry chemical extinguishers (that require a 12-year hydrostatic test) every six years. Dry chemical extinguishers that have non-refillable disposable containers are exempt from this requirement. When recharging or hydrostatic testing is performed, the six-year requirement begins from that date

Security Fencing Construction

The ABC’s of Safety

The ABC’s of Safety

Attitude, Behavior, and Control. A safe attitude means staying alert and focused on the job at hand. Safe behavior means taking safety guidelines and practices seriously. Control means taking responsibility and keeping your work area clean and orderly.

Safety is more than just following your company’s guidelines while on the job. Safety is actually a combination of safe attitude, behavior, and control both on and off the job. Attitude means your frame of mind and the way in which you approach a given situation. Behavior means what you do about it and how you react to a situation. Control refers to making your surroundings, where and what you do, safe. Safe attitude, behavior, and control add up to a safer, more productive you.

Attitude – When it comes to safety, attitude isn’t exactly everything, but it’s darn close. A safe attitude means staying alert and focused on the job at hand, taking safety guidelines and practices seriously, never horsing around on the job, and not letting emotions like anger and frustration get in the way of job performance.

Behavior – How you react to a situation is an important part of being safe. Following established safety guidelines and procedures, refusing to take “shortcuts,” using personal protective equipment, asking questions when you need more information about the task at hand are all safe behaviors. Safe behavior also means helping friends, coworkers, and family members understand the importance of safe practices at work, home, or play.

Control – Control means taking responsibility for making your work site, home, or recreational facility a safe place. You can help keep your surroundings safe from potential hazards by keeping them clean and orderly. Keep machines in good repair, clean up spills and debris (or report them to the appropriate person), and make sure that walkways are free from obstacles. Store chemicals properly (both at home and on the job) and never switch containers. At work, be sure to report faulty equipment ventilation, or any potential hazards to your supervisor.

Awareness on the job – Over 80% of all workplace injury arises from worker behavior. We make mistakes, errors in judgement or simply do not have our full attention on the job and something happens. There is also a tendency to get so focused on getting the job done that we do not recognize the obvious.

ABC’s – Easy As 1-2-3 Attitude, behavior, and control are the three most important (and perhaps the simplest) aspects of personal safety both on and off the job. Take a moment to review your safety ABC’s to see if you’re doing all you can to protect yourself, your coworkers, and your loved ones from careless, needless, injury.